Urinary Tract Infection
Urine is created in the kidneys and then carried through the ureters. The bladder then stores the urine until the urethra carries it out of your body. When you get a urinary tract infection (UTI), it usually begins in the bladder and urethra and, if left untreated, can spread to the ureters and kidneys.
UTI is very common and occurs when bacteria enter the opening of the urethra and multiply in the urinary tract. It can affect men, women and children.
Symptoms Of Urinary Tract Infection
Below are some common signs that you may have UTI:
- Feel pain or burning when you urinate
- You feel like you have to urinate often, but not much urine comes out when you do
- Lower abdomen feels tender or heavy
- You have pain on one side of your back, under your ribs
- Fever and chills
- Nausea and vomiting
Generally speaking, antibiotics can treat most UTIs successfully. When deciding on a treatment for UTI, the goal is to relieve symptoms, eliminate the infection and prevent recurrence. It’s also important to prevent any serious complications that can come as a result of treatment.
Pregnant women are treated in a way that protects both them and the fetus. The amount of medicine and how long you take it will depend on the infection and the type of medication itself.
Treatment of uncomplicated bladder infections usually involves antibiotics and hydration (drinking more water). Oral antibiotics are used for 3 days to treat straightforward bladder infections and this may sometimes be extended in complex cases. Often taking Azo-Standard or Pyridium will help with the burning sensation with urination. If obstruction is present, a catheter to drain the bladder may be needed.
Treatment If Condition Gets Worse Or Returns
If your UTI doesn’t improve after antibiotics, you will need further evaluation and additional treatment. If the infection spreads and affects kidney function or causes widespread infection, you may need a hospital stay.