Urinary Tract Infection

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Urinary Tract Infection

Urine is created in the kidneys and then carried through the ureters. The bladder then stores the urine until the urethra carries it out of your body. When you get a urinary tract infection (UTI), it usually begins in the bladder and urethra and, if left untreated, can spread to the ureters and kidneys.

UTI is very common and occurs when bacteria enter the opening of the urethra and multiply in the urinary tract. It affects men, women and children.


Symptoms Of Urinary Tract Infection

Below are some common signs that you may have UTI:

  • Feel pain or burning when you urinate
  • You feel like you have to urinate often, but not much urine comes out when you do
  • Belly feels tender or heavy
  • You have pain on one side of your back under your ribs
  • Fever and chills
  • Nausea and vomiting


Risk Factors For Urinary Tract Infection


Below are some known risk factors for UTI:

  • Gender
  • Urinary tract infections are very common in women, and many women will have problems with recurrent infections.
  • Being sexually active
  • Using certain types of birth control
    • Women who use diaphragms for birth control also may be at higher risk, as may women who use spermicidal agents
  • Undergoing menopause
  • Having urinary tract abnormalities
  • Having blockages in the urinary tract
  • Having a suppressed immune system
    • Diabetes and other diseases that impair the immune system can increase the risk of urinary tract infections

Treatment Options

For more information on our treatment options for UTI, click here.

Treatment For Urinary Tract Infection

Generally speaking, antibiotics can treat most UTIs successfully. When deciding on a treatment for UTI, the goal is to relieve symptoms, eliminate the infection and prevent recurrence. It’s also important to prevent any serious complications that can come as a result of treatment.

Pregnant women are treated in a way that protects both them and the fetus. The amount of medicine and how long you take it will depend on the infection and the type of medication itself.

Initial Treatment

Treatment of uncomplicated bladder infections usually involves antibiotics and home treatment, which should include drinking more water, which helps by flushing out the urinary tract. Oral antibiotics can usually treat kidney infections, but you may need a brief hospital stay and a short course of IV antibiotics if you are too ill to receive medicine by mouth. Often taking Azo-Standard or Pyridium will help with the burning sensation with urination. If obstruction is present, a catheter to drain the bladder may be needed.

Treatment If Condition Gets Worse Or Returns

If your UTI doesn’t improve after antibiotics, you will need further evaluation and additional treatment. If the infection spreads and affects kidney function or causes widespread infection, you may need a hospital stay.

Urinary Tract Infection FAQ


How common are urinary tract infections?

Very common: 40 percent of women and 12 percent of men will experience at least one UTI. Eight to 10 million visits to the doctor each year are for UTIs.

What are the symptoms of UTIs?

UTIs affect the walls of your urinary tract, causing the following symptoms:

  • Pressure or pain in lower pelvis or abdomen
  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate
  • Need to urinate but only a small amount of urine flows
  • Urine leakage
  • Painful or burning urination