What causes bedwetting (nighttime incontinence)?
Bedwetting, also called nocturnal enuresis, is normal and very common among those age five and under, affecting about 40% of three year olds. The main cause is an undeveloped bladder, which cannot hold urine for a full night. Another major cause is the child not being able to recognize a full bladder, wake up and use the toilet.
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What are the symptoms of a urinary tract infection?
A urinary tract infection (UTI) leads to irritation of the lining of the bladder. It also may involve the kidneys, which is a more serious condition. For young children, the major signs of UTI may not be clear, since children are unable to communicate how they feel. A fever, irritability or lack of desire to eat are possible signs. Urine inside of the diaper may also have an unusual smell. If your child experiences these symptoms for more than a day without any signs of a runny nose or obvious cause, he/she needs to be checked for a bladder infection.